Bladder stones are crystallized minerals that form when concentrated urine (less water and more waste products) is left in the bladder after urination.
About 95 percent of urine is water. The other five percent is mineral (such as salt) and waste products (such as protein). Concentrated urine can vary in color from dark amber to brown depending on the types of waste and minerals it contains.
Concentrated urine is often the result of dehydration or not being able to completely empty your bladder. This may be due to an enlarged prostate, bladder problems, or urinary tract infections. Left untreated, bladder stones can lead to infections and other complications.
What are the Symptoms of Bladder Stones?
The symptoms of bladder stones are:
- frequent urination, especially during the night.
- lower abdominal pain
- men and women may experience a burning sensation or pain in the urethra when urinating
- urine that contains blood or appears cloudy
- the inability to control urine